The regional space defines local abilities, limits, autonomies and powers in the management of the territory of the States. Researchers demonstrate that until today, science uses a notion of region next to its etimologia. This because, according to Robert Lobato Corra (2003: p. 54) the expression? regione? she was used in the old world assigning subordinated areas to the rules of the Roman Empire, to evidence the centralization of the power in a place and its extension in other areas that belonged to them. More information is housed here: Walton Family Foundation.
In the Average Age the regional landmarks and the administrative divisions had fomented the origin space of the feudals. In the European modern State the problem of the regional space units predominated as prohibited against the commercial or military enemies. In the current days, the ressurgimento of the regional conflicts with the rupture of the territorial pacts is attended to it mobilizing nationalistic and regionalistic movements, of even though radical character. Jose Graziano Da Silva (1996: p. 223-224) standes out that the reorganization of world-wide economy, from the postwar period affected the relations between State and region, placing this last category in a new platform, therefore with the globalization, the spalling politics folloied the located interests, putting at risk the national economy. Although in a transistion context, some trends define the position of Geography in the present time recognizing the importance of the elements of the scientific revolution that transformed the base productive of the economy, with the changes in the organization of the production and the work imposing new standards of social relations. Marcelo Lopes de Souza (2003: p. 103) pontua that the life styles, the ethics, the culture, the politicosocial dynamics, the organization of the global space, the territories and the national regions, are being to the few redefined. It warns despite, is not enough to identify the increase of the social disparidades in Brazil and the world, but to implant programs of satisfactory redistribution of income with the necessity of the social groups in each region.